Styrene acrylonitrile (SAN)
DescriptionStyrene acrylonitrile (SAN) belongs to the Styrene family and has similar properties as ABS. It is very rigid and has a high impact strength. Contrary to ABS it can be produced as transparent material. It can have a high gloss. It is not particularly inexpensive and often used for quality products.
HistorySAN was first patented in 1938. It has been commercially available since the 1940s. It was succeeded in the 1950s by ABS.
Production, Application, AppearanceSAN is resistant to fats and oils and to cleaning agents and is dishwasher proof. Therefore, it is used for the manufacture of domestic products, automotive industry, and electrical appliances.
Density: 1.07-1.09 g/cm3
Melting point: 106°C
Glass transition temperature: 103-112°C
Identification propertiesCell structure (foam): not applicable
Smell: no characteristic smell
Touch: no characteristic touch
Sound: can make a tinny sound
UV-radiation (when clear): fluoresces blue clearly
Polarizing filters (for clear PS): not applicable
DetailsSAN is not considered a problem plastic.
SymptomsDiscolouration, loss of mechanical properties resulting in tears and fractures, material becomes brittle.
Temp: High - becomes brittle below 0°C
RecommendationsUV-RADIATION: keep below 75 µW/lm UV filter for daylight and fluorescent light - reduce intensity
LIGHT: 1 slight change in approx. 30 Mlx.h Moderate light dose - control intensity and exposure time
OXYGEN / OZONE: ambient conditions
TEMP: Do not keep below 0°C
RH: common museum conditions 40-60% RH fluctuations: setpoint ±10% or ±5% when allowing seasonal fluctations between 35-65%