Expanded Polystyrene (PS, EPS expanded)
DescriptionExpanded Polystyrene (EPS) is only produced as foam. It comes in sheets or blocks. It is usually white and can be recognized by its typical spherical structure. EPS makes a squeaky sound upon rubbing the surface. It is a rather hard and tough, light-weight foam. It is very susceptible to solvents, acetone will burn right through. Heat has a similar effect. Sample S-01 in the PIT-kit is an example of EPS foam.
HistoryEPS is commercially available since 1949.
Production, Application, AppearanceEPS is often sold as white panels. It is commonly used for building insulation, packing material, food containers, foam cups, packing 'peanut', and in bicycle helmets and surfboards.
Density: foam = 0.015-0.040 g/cm3
Melting point: 275°C
Glass transition temperature: 85-102°C
Identification propertiesCell structure (foam): closed - spherical
Smell: no characteristic smell
Touch: no characteristic touch
Sound: foam = squeaky
UV-radiation (when clear): not applicable
Polarizing filters (for clear PS): not applicable
ProcessPhoto-oxidation; soiling (electrostatic).
DetailsEPS is not considered a problem plastic.
SymptomsYellowing, surface turns matte, loss of mechanical properties resulting in tears and fractures.
EPS is highly susceptible to polar and non-polar solvents, especially acetone; also for plasticizers that can be emitted by other plastics.
RecommendationsUV-RADIATION: keep below 75 µW/lm UV filter for daylight and fluorescent light - reduce intensity
LIGHT: 1 slight change in approx. 30 Mlx.h Moderate light dose - control intensity and exposure time
OXYGEN / OZONE: ambient conditions
TEMP: common indoor conditions 10-30°C
RH: common museum conditions 40-60% RH fluctuations: setpoint ±10% or ±5% when allowing seasonal fluctations between 35-65%
Handle with care. EPS is not elastic and indentations are irreversible
Am I dealing with...
- Closed cell structure
- Ball structure
- Styrofoam, Tempex
- Squeaking sound